Types of Coffee Roasts

So many people around the world have discovered the pleasure experienced by drinking a freshly brewed cup of coffee first thing in the morning. Coffee is a liquid that increases the enjoyment of the moment. Even its aroma can make one think back to a special time that occurred in the past.

In fact, millions of people drink at least two to three cups of coffee daily but unfortunately many stick with the same brand of coffee. There are so many different kinds of coffee available that it becomes hard trying to find something that is the perfect flavour. The right flavour consists of many factors. Today I would like to write about one of the most fundamental factors in a cup of coffee – the type of coffee roast.

Why Roast?

Roasting is an important part of the overall coffee process. It is the heating process that turns the green coffee beans into the brown colour that you see in stores and cafes. Roasting brings out the aroma and flavour that is inside the green coffee bean. Roasted beans smell like coffee and weigh less because the moisture has been roasted out. Physically, they are crunchy and ready to be ground and brewed into a liquid drink.

Types of Roasts

What kind of coffee do you prefer? Do you like a light roast coffee in the morning and finish the day with a dark roast coffee? Or maybe you’re like myself and prefer a medium roast coffee throughout the day. Whatever roast you like comes down to personal preference. Trying all of them to come down to a decision is not a bad idea for those who are searching for their personal finest choice of coffee.

Generally speaking, most coffee roasts can be grouped from light to dark with the following properties:

Light Roasts

Light roasts are normally light brown in colour. There is no oil on the surface of the bean and they are roasted very little. Light roasts make a coffee that has a toasted grainy-like taste, is acidic and has a lot of caffeine. They are only found in North America.

A light roast makes a drink that is neither strong nor overly rich in flavour, but offers a natural whiff of coffee taste that is just enough to be savoured by coffee junkies.

Examples of light roasts are Light City, Half City, Cinnamon Roast and New England Roast.

Medium Roasts

Medium Roasts are medium brown in colour. Similar to light roasts, they don’t have any oil on the bean surface and are roasted a moderate amount. Medium roasts have a more balanced flavour, aroma and acidity.

This type of roasted bean usually produces a flavour that is about right for the drinker who likes to take the time enjoying his or her cup for its natural taste.

Examples include City Roast, American Roast and Breakfast Roast.

Medium-dark Roasts

Medium-dark roasts have a rich, dark taste. They have some oil on the bean surface and have a heavier body as compared to light and medium roasts. Medium-dark roasts produce a slight bittersweet aftertaste.

Examples of medium-dark roasts include Full City Roast and Vienna Roast.

Dark Roasts

Dark roasts are dark brown or black in colour. The beans have an oily surface and produce a bitter or burnt taste. Dark roasts have a lot less caffeine than lighter roasts.

Usually a popular choice for those wanting a strong taste of smokiness to their cup of     beverage, this comes out of being roasted than other types of beans. The burnt flavour has a finish to it that could really perk up the sluggish coffee drinker on the way to work.

Examples include New Orleans Roast, Espresso Roast, Italian Roast and French Roast.

All in all, it’s about personal preference – the aroma, the flavour and the taste. Do you     have preference for a particular kind of roasted bean? If so, I would love to hear about it.